Forever Chemicals: A Forever Problem?

For today’s business and municipal leaders, understanding the liability and other business risks associated with PFAS and other forever chemicals can be a challenge. An overlapping scheme of federal, state and tribal regulation makes deciphering the regulatory requirements difficult; and with forever-chemical litigation on the rise, the consequences of not being prepared to manage the legal exposure can be devastating.

Per- and Polyfluoroalykyl substances (“PFAS”) are a class of synthetic compounds used in countless industrial and consumer applications. They have recently taken on the moniker “forever chemicals” as they are highly persistent, i.e., they do not degrade in the natural environment. Two of the most widely-used forever chemicals are Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS). PFAS became contaminants of emerging concern in the early 2000s, and the scientific and regulatory understanding of these compounds has evolved rapidly since then.

Regulatory Framework is Complex

Because environmental regulation is based on multiple legislative acts, it is often difficult to comprehensively determine your exposure to such regulations.  In 2019, the EPA released a PFAS Action Plan that outlines a series of “priority,” “short-term,” and “long-term” actions it was taking with regard to PFAS. In the plan, EPA commits to the continued development of new methods for sampling and detecting PFAS in water and other media (including the expansion of EPA Method 537); and the possible regulation of PFAS under a variety of federal environmental statutes, including:

  • Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA),
  • Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA),
  • Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA),
  • Clean Water Act (CWA), and
  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

Litigation on the Rise

As federal and state environmental authorities begin to tackle the regulatory issues related to PFAS, the plaintiff’s bar has already become privy to the issue.  The chart below shows that the number of reported decisions involving PFAS has increased over the past 5 years, with almost 200 decisions issued this year already.

Recent PFAS Media and Insights

November 13, 2023, Tim Sowecke and Alyssa Sloan

Podcast: EPA Adds PFAS as a Regulatory Priority


November 6, 2023, Tim Sowecke and Alyssa Sloan

EPA Regulations – PFAS as Far as the Eye Can See

April 22, 2023, Tim Sowecke

Podcast: Earth Day Episode: EPA Issues Latest Proposals to Regulate PFAS under the Safe Drinking Water Act and under Superfund


January 25, 2023, Tim Sowecke

Gavel to Gavel: As PFAS Regulations Loom, Time to Update Due Diligence

September 28, 2022 Tim Sowecke

Podcast: PFAS Regulatory Update: EPA Proposes PFAS Hazardous Substance Designation


September 9, 2022, Tim Sowecke

EPA Proposes PFAS Hazardous Substance Designation

June 29, 2022, Tim Sowecke

Podcast: PFAS Regulatory Update: EPA Issues Updated Drinking Water Health Advisories

May 26, 2021Don Shandy and Tim Sowecke

Podcast: Forever Chemicals: What They are and What is being Done to Minimize Their Impact

Our Team Can Help

Let us help answer your questions about PFAS and forever chemical regulation and litigation.

Donald K. Shandy (ACOEL Fellow)

L. Burnett

LeAnne Burnett (ACOEL Fellow)

S. Butcher

Scott Butcher